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做好静态军事模型这些工具及事项准备好了吗?

发布时间:2020-12-22 来源:http://www.quanyimoxing.com 浏览量:

做模型首先要有一套工具,包括水口钳,镊子,砂纸,打磨器,手钻,喷笔,喷泵等等,有些人觉得新人不需要上喷泵和喷笔,其实这是不对的,越早上越好,不要心疼,没有投入就没有产出啊。

First of all, you need to have a set of tools for modeling, including nozzle pliers, tweezers, sandpaper, polisher, hand drill, spray pen, spray pump, etc. some people think that the newcomer does not need to use the spray pump and spray pen. In fact, this is not right. The sooner the morning is, the better. Don't worry, there will be no output without input.

当你选择完模型之后,就要开始制作了模型,步是打磨与修正,将零件开模和注塑时产生的瑕疵进行修正,然后开始正式制作。一般的,模型制作分为直做与改造。直做就比较简单了,只需要把盒子里的所有零件都拼起来,然后上色就可以了。改造的话就比较复杂了,涉及到一个使用蚀刻片 PE 和树脂件的程序。特别是对于小比例模型来说,例如 1:700 舰船模型,有大量细节无法用塑料表现出来,或者是连开出来都困难,比如小号手和富士美的舰船,都存在细节失真的问题。这时候就需要金属改造件了(一般都是铜的,部分也有不锈钢的,但是不锈钢的太硬,实际制作体验不好)。金属改造件可以极大的丰富模型的细节,提高拟真度,使模型看起来像真的一样。但是蚀刻片的使用非常复杂,折叠,粘合都需要有极大地耐心和足够的细心,而且还需要铲掉原有的细节。这里说一下粘合蚀刻片用的胶水,推荐啫喱胶或是安特固,或是田宫出的 CA 胶,502 其实也是可以的。点胶的时候可以用 0.2 或是 0.1mm 的钻头点胶,核心原则就是少量多次,否则溢出的胶痕会让你蛋疼很久。

After you select the model, you will start to make the model. The steps are grinding and correcting, correcting the defects in the part opening and injection molding, and then start the formal production. Generally, the model making is divided into direct manufacturing and transformation. It's easier to make straight. Just put all the parts in the box together and color it. Modification is more complicated, involving a process using etch PE and resin parts. Especially for small-scale models, such as the 1:700 ship model, there are a lot of details that can't be shown in plastic, or it's difficult to even make them out. For example, the trumpeter and fujimei ships have the problem of distortion of details. At this time, the metal parts need to be modified (generally copper, some stainless steel, but the stainless steel is too hard, the actual production experience is not good). Metal modification can greatly enrich the details of the model, improve the fidelity, and make the model look like real. But the use of etchants is very complex, folding, bonding requires a lot of patience and care, and also need to remove the original details. Here we talk about the glue used to glue etching chips. We recommend gel glue or antro, or Ca glue produced by Tian Gong. 502 is also OK. When dispensing, you can use a 0.2 or 0.1 mm drill bit for dispensing. The core principle is a small number of times, otherwise the spilled glue marks will make your eggs ache for a long time.

树脂件的添加主要是针对 1:350 舰船或是 1:35 坦克这种大比例模型,使用树脂件可以极大地丰富模型的细节和质感,但是有两个缺点一是树脂太脆,打磨与修正比较麻烦,再就是价格偏高。

做好静态军事模型这些工具及事项准备好了吗?(图1)

The addition of resin parts is mainly for large scale models of 1:350 ships or 1:35 tanks. The use of resin parts can greatly enrich the details and texture of the models. However, there are two disadvantages: one is that the resin is too brittle, grinding and correction are troublesome, and the other is that the price is too high.

在修正打磨时,根据不同的部分使用不同的打磨器材,比如修正水口的时候,可以先用笔刀将多出来的部分切掉,然后使用 1500 号的砂纸进行打磨。

In the process of correction and grinding, different grinding equipment should be used according to different parts. For example, when modifying the nozzle, the extra part can be cut off with a penknife and then polished with 1500 sandpaper.

当素组结束之后,你就可以开始上色了。上色也有两种选择,手涂与喷漆。对于兵人或是战锤这种模型,手涂是。对于各种坦克飞机舰船,喷漆则是。喷漆的时候,你需要一个气泵,一支喷笔,若干油漆,还有搭配若干油漆使用的稀释剂。首先将油漆按比例稀释,倒在喷笔里,然后开始喷漆。这是简略版介绍,实际喷漆的时候可能会遇到很多问题,比如潮湿的地方,喷笔会往外喷水,所以你需要添加水隔。干燥的地区可能造成喷泵过热烧坏。原则上,喷漆时尽量不要连续使用超过三分钟,虽然现在的气泵都有过热保护和自动停机,但是没人能保证不会出事。

When the vegetarians are finished, you can start coloring. There are also two options for coloring, hand painting and spray painting. For soldiers or Warhammer models, hand painted is. For all kinds of tanks, aircraft and ships, spray painting is. When you spray paint, you need an air pump, a spray pen, some paint, and a thinner to use with some paint. First, dilute the paint in proportion, pour it into the spray pen, and then start painting. This is a brief version of the introduction, the actual spray painting may encounter a lot of problems, such as wet places, the fountain pen will spray water out, so you need to add a water barrier. The dry area may cause the spray pump to overheat and burn out. In principle, try not to spray paint for more than three minutes. Although the current air pumps have overheat protection and automatic shutdown, no one can guarantee that there will be no accident.

再就是喷漆时喷笔距离模型在 10-15 厘米左右,不要太近,如果太近你喷出的漆在模型上会形成一坨,太远的话会使漆面太薄,也浪费漆。同时喷漆前建议喷一层水补土,用来打底增强漆的附着力和检查瑕疵。

The distance between the spray pen and the model is about 10-15cm. If it is too close, the paint you spray will form a lump on the model. If it is too far away, the paint will be too thin and waste the paint. At the same time, it is recommended to spray a layer of water and soil before painting to enhance the adhesion of the paint and check the defects.

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