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航天模型部件之翼梁、机翼的制作

发布时间:2022-08-05 来源:http://www.quanyimoxing.com/

航天模型部件制作于整体而言是非常重要的,毕竟组成航天飞机模型的就是多个部件,那么下面大型航天模型厂家就来为您讲讲翼梁、机翼的制作内容,仅供参考。
It is very important to make space model parts as a whole. After all, the space shuttle model is composed of multiple parts. Then the following large space model manufacturers will tell you about the production of wing spars and wings for reference only.
翼梁
Wing beam
翼梁由梁的腹板和缘条(或称突缘)组成,大多在根部与中翼段或与机身固接,剖面呈工字形或槽形。冀梁是单纯的受力件,缘条承受由弯矩M引起的拉压轴力。由支柱加固的腹板承受剪力Q并能承受由扭矩Mt引起的剪流,使翼面周边形成闭室并在这两种情况下受剪。在有的结构形式中,它是翼面主要的纵向受力件,承受翼面全部或大部分弯矩。
The spar is composed of the web and flange (or flange) of the beam. Most of them are fixed to the middle wing section or the fuselage at the root, and the section is I-shaped or groove shaped. Ji beam is a simple stressed part, and the edge bar bears the tensile and compressive axial force caused by bending moment M. The web strengthened by the column bears the shear force Q and can bear the shear flow caused by the torque MT, so that a closed chamber is formed around the wing surface and subjected to shear under these two conditions. In some structural forms, it is the main longitudinal load-bearing member of the airfoil, bearing all or most of the bending moments of the airfoil.
夹层盒结构主要针对相对厚度很小的翼面,上下夹层蒙皮的内层面板过于靠近,制成的全厚度夹层或全充填夹层结构。采用泡沫塑料作为填料的夹层盒翼面。该结构除在机翼尖部和根部安排翼肋外,不安排其他翼肋。其上蒙皮通过夹芯得到下蒙皮的支持,有很高的应力水平和轻的结构重量;但该结构内部不能装载,一般多用于无装载的外翼结构。
Sandwich box structure is mainly aimed at the airfoil with a relatively small thickness, and the inner panels of the upper and lower sandwich skins are too close to each other, making it a full thickness sandwich or full filled sandwich structure. The wing surface of sandwich box with foamed plastic as filler. In this structure, no other wing ribs are arranged except at the tip and root of the wing. The upper skin is supported by the lower skin through the sandwich, which has a high stress level and light structural weight; However, this structure cannot be loaded inside, and is generally used for unloaded outer wing structures.
大型航天模型
机翼
wing
机翼一般有多种不同的平面形状,如平直翼、后掠翼和三角翼等,分别由于不同速度、不同类型的飞机上。例如平直翼主要用于低速飞机,后掠翼主要用于高亚音速和超音速飞机上,三角翼和小展弦比直机翼用于超音速飞机上。不同类型形状的翼面,往往采用不同形式的翼面结构。即便是同一类型的平面形状,其结构形式也由于具体的设计要求不同而各异。
Wings generally have many different plane shapes, such as flat wings, swept wings and delta wings, respectively due to different speeds and different types of aircraft. For example, straight wings are mainly used for low-speed aircraft, swept wings are mainly used for high subsonic and supersonic aircraft, and delta wings and small aspect ratio straight wings are used for supersonic aircraft. Different types of airfoils often adopt different airfoil structures. Even for the same type of planar shape, its structural form is different due to different specific design requirements.
从现代飞机的翼面结构来看,薄蒙皮梁式结构已很少采用;大型高亚音速的现代运输机和有些超音速战斗机采用多梁单块式结构;马赫数较大的超音速战斗机,多采用多墙(或多梁)式机翼结构,或采用混合式结构形式,例如在根部要开口的部位采用梁式,外端较薄处为增大刚度而采用单块式。
Judging from the wing structure of modern aircraft, thin skin beam structure has been rarely used; Large high subsonic modern transport aircraft and some supersonic fighter aircraft adopt multi beam single block structure; The supersonic fighter with large Mach number usually adopts multi wall (or multi beam) wing structure or hybrid structure. For example, the beam type is adopted at the part where the root is to be opened, and the single block type is adopted at the thin part of the outer end to increase the rigidity.
航天模型部件之翼梁、机翼的制作事项就讲解到这里,当然这只是给您的参考,实际情况中您需要咨询定制的厂家,关注我们http://www.quanyimoxing.com了解更多吧。
That's all for the manufacturing of wing beams and wings of aerospace model components. Of course, this is just for your reference. In actual situations, you need to consult the customized manufacturer and pay attention to us http://www.quanyimoxing.com Learn more.
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